Gale Family Library

345 W. Kellogg Blvd.
St. Paul, MN 55102



Library Hours

Tuesday: 9 am-8 pm
Wednesday: 9 am-4 pm
Thursday: 9 am-4 pm
Friday: 9 am-4 pm
Saturday: 9 am-4 pm
Sunday: Closed
Monday: Closed
Holiday Hours


$6 per day

Using the Library

Collections OnlineTimepieces

Ojibwe History

Research Ojibwe History

Maude Kegg with wiigob for basketmaking, Mille Lacs. 1947
Maude Kegg, or Naawakamigookwe (Middle of the Earth Lady), was a renowned Ojibwe artist, writer, and cultural preservationist. She was born near Portage Lake in 1904 and was an enrolled member of the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe. Throughout her life, she worked to preserve Ojibwe language and culture. She wrote several books recounting Ojibwe life and stories and, in later years, she worked as an interpreter at the Mille Lacs Indian Museum & Trading Post. 
Kegg is perhaps best known for her beautiful beadwork. Her pieces include intricate Ojibwe floral designs and were created using geometric loom techniques. In 1990, she received a National Heritage Fellowship from the National Endowment for the Arts. 
Start learning more about Maude Kegg and Ojibwe culture and history at the Gale Family Library with the resources below. And contact the library for assistance with in-depth Ojibwe history research or additional questions.   

Hear Kegg’s story and other oral histories related to the  Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe


Learn about the Ojibwe language

  • A Dictionary of the Ojibway Language, by Frederic Baraga, St. Paul, Minn.: Minnesota Historical Society Press, 1992, MNHS call number: PM853 .B28 1992
  • Ojibwe People’s Dictionary


Read books written by Maude Kegg:

  • Gabekanaansing = At the End of the Trail: memories of Chippewa childhood in Minnesota,  with texts in Ojibwe and English, MNHS call number: E99.C6 K442 
  • Gii-ikwezensiwiyaan = When I was a little girl: memories of Indian childhood in Minnesota, MNHS call #: E99.C6 K44 
  • Nookomis gaa-inaajimotawid = What my Grandmother told me: with texts in Ojibwe and English, MNHS call number: E75 .O83 
  • Portage Lake: memories of an Ojibwe childhood, MNHS call number: E99.C6 K443 1991 


Watch films documenting wild ricing and sugar-bushing at the Library 

  • Chippewa handicraft, MNHS call number: B-40

    This film, by Monroe Killy, shows the Kegg family stripping basswood and birch barks and using the bark to make baskets and canoes.
  • Chippewa handicraft, MNHS call number: C-65

    This Monroe Killy film portrays Ojibwe harvesting and preparing wild rice, spearfishing through ice, collecting sap and making maple syrup, playing games, gathering birchbark making birchbark items, and preparing skins for leather and sewing moccasins.

Visit the Mille Lacs Indian Museum and Trading Post

Download information from this page as a full-color handout (PDF).